INTERGENERATIONAL CARE SUPPORT TRANSFER: INSIGHTS FROM THE GENERATION AND GENDER SURVEY
Keywords:intergenerational transfers, caregiving assistance, childcare, elderly, ageing
The paper delves into the realm of intergenerational care support transfers within Moldovan society, concentrating on assistance rendered in both childcare and elderly care domains.
The study aims to analyze patterns of support transfer between different generations and identify factors influencing these transfers. The dynamics of intergenerational support play a crucial role in ensuring family and societal well-being. The research capitalizes on data gleaned from the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), which was conducted in Moldova in 2020. Through a representative sample, data encompassing aspects such as intergenerational caregiving relationships, attitudes towards childcare and elderly care, as well as socio-demographic variables. Statistical analyses included crosstabulations and logistic regressions to identify factors predicting support transfers.
This study contributes valuable insights into the patterns of intergenerational support in Moldova. Concerning childcare, parents and grandparents are observed to provide significant assistance, especially during the early years of children's lives. Women, especially those with young children, receive the most frequent support. Moreover, support towards the elderly is evident, with a peak of assistance provided by grandparents during the pre-retirement and retirement stages. Support is manifested both from the generation of grandparents to grandchildren and from adult children to parents, with variations according to individual circumstances. Factors such as age, family size, education, urbanization significantly influence the patterns of support transfers. The findings underscore the significance of traditional values and societal expectations, offering a nuanced understanding of intergenerational relationships in a changing demographic landscape and can prove useful for social policies and assistance programs tailored to the diverse needs of Moldovan society members.