• Irina Pahomii Center for Demographic Research, National Institute of Economic Research, Moldova . PhD student, Department of Demography and Geodemography, Faculty of Sciences, Charles University, Czech Republic



Covid-19, overall mortality, causes of death, Moldova


The study aims to highlight changes in mortality during the Covid-19 pandemic in Moldova. Two sources of data were used: the National Bureau of Statistics database for overall mortality and mortality by major and specific causes of death and the Ministry of Health for Covid-19 deaths. The primary analysis methods applied in the research were direct mortality standardization and the decomposition of the difference in life expectancy. The results show that the Covid-19 pandemic caused a substantial increase in the number of deaths, which lead to a significant decrease in life expectancy in both sexes. The results emphasize an increase in mortality due to diseases of the cardiovascular system and diseases of the respiratory system. The more detailed analysis of the major causes of death increased during the pandemic period showed an increase in mortality due to coronary atherosclerosis and acute pneumonia, contrary to the trends existing in the pre-pandemic period. It is important to note that mortality due to Covid-19 was higher than major leading causes of death before the pandemic period. The decomposition of changes in life expectancy between the years 2021 and 2019 by age shows quite similar age profiles between sexes, indicating the pandemic's direct and indirect impact on the dynamic of mortality. The effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on mortality, but also on the health of the population, is much more complex, requiring further research to identify prompt and effective responses.


Download data is not yet available.


Aburto, J. M., Schöley, J., Kashnitsky et al. (2022). Quantifying impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic through life-expectancy losses: a population-level study of 29 countries. International Journal of Epidemiology, 51(1), 63-74. 0

Andreev, E. M. (1982). Metod komponent v analize prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni. Vestnik statistiki, 9, 42-47.

Bauer, R., Speringer, M., Fruhwirt, P., Seidl, R., & Trautinger, F. (2022). Assessing excess mortality in Vienna and Austria after the first year of the Covid-19 pandemic. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, 20(1), 393-414.

Eurostat (2013). Revision of the European Standard Population. Report of Eurostat's task force. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Garcia, J., Torres, C., Barbieri, M., et al. (2021). Differences in COVID-19 mortality: Implications of imperfect and diverse data collection systems. Population, 76(1), 35-72.,

Institut National D'études Démographiques (INED). In our researche's own words - Demographic fact sheets - All about population.

Islam, N., Jdanov, D. A., Shkolnikov, V. M., et al. (2021). Effects of covid-19 pandemic on life expectancy and premature mortality in 2020: time series analysis in 37 countries. British Medical Journal, 375, e066768.

Kolk, M., Drefahl, S., Wallace, M., & Andersson, G. (2021). Excess mortality and Covid-19 in Sweden in 2020: a demographic account. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, 20, 317-348.

Ministry of Health of Moldova. (2022, April 19). Covid-19. Communique. Retrieved from Ministry of Health.

Ministry of Health of Moldova. (2020, March 7). Retrieved from Covid-19. Communique.

Ministry of Health of Moldova. (2020, March 18). Retrieved from Covid-19. Communique.

Pahomii, I. (2021, 15-16 octombrie). Covid-19 associated mortality – from the first case to the latest available data. In: Creșterea economică în condițiile globalizării. Sesiunea științifică "Migrația și schimbări demografice: abordare interdisciplinară": conferința internațională științifico-practică (ediția a XV-a, pp. 96-103). Chișinău: INCE.

Pahomii, I. (2020, 23 octombrie). Regional aspects of COVID-19 mortality in Moldova. In: Implicațiile economice și sociale ale pandemiei COVID-19: analize, prognoze și strategii de atenuare a consecințelor = Economic and social implications of the COVID-19 pandemic: analysis, forecasts and consequences mitigation strategies: teze ale conferinței științifice internaționale (pp. 280-283). Chișinău: INCE.

Penina, O. (2020). Aspectele demografice ale sănătăţii populaţiei în Republica Moldova: tendinţe și perspective = Demographic aspects of population health in Moldova: trends and perspectives. Revista de Ştiinţe ale Sănătăţii din Moldova =Journal of Medical Science of Moldova, 25(3), 81-88.

Penina, O., Mesle, F., & Vallin, J. (2022). Mortality trends by causes of death in Moldova in the Republic of Moldova, 1965-2020. Chișinău: Medicina.

Penina, O. (2021). Temporal trends and patterns in COVID-19 mortality in Moldova. Economy and Sociology, 2, 85-93.

Schöley, J., Aburto, J., Kashnitsky, I., Kniffka, M., Zhang, L., Jaadla, H., Dowd, J. B. & Kashyap, R. (2022). Life expectancy changes since COVID-19. Nature Human Behaviour, 6(12), 1649-1659.,

Ugarte, M., Achilleos, S., Quattrocchi, A., et al. (2022). Premature mortality attributable to COVID-19: potential years of life lost in 17 countries around the world. BMC Public Health, 22(54).

Yang, K., Wen, G., Wang, J., Zhou, S., Da, W., Meng, Y., Xue, Y. & Tao, L. (2021). Complication and sequelae of COVID-19: What should we pay attention to in the post-epidemic era. Frontiers in Immunology, 12, 711741.

Zarei, M., Bose, D., Nouri-Vaskeh, M., Tajiknia, V., Zand, R., & Ghasemi, M. (2022). Long-term side effects and lingering symptoms post COVID-19 recovery. Reviews in Medical Virology, 32(3).


Abstract views: 130



How to Cite

Pahomii, I. (2023). CHANGES IN MORTALITY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN MOLDOVA. Economy and Sociology, (2), 63–72.