INFERTILTIY IN MOLDOVA: EVIDENCE FROM THE GENERATIONS AND GENDER SURVEY

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36004/nier.es.2022.2-03

Keywords:

Infertility, desired fertility, Moldova

Abstract

Statistical analysis on the topic of infertility issues in Moldova will improve understanding of infertility causes and treatment-seeking.

Data for this research come from the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), which was conducted in 2020 in Moldova. The GGS covers topics related to fertility behavior, intention to have children, infertility disease and treatment, and other issues. Statistical analysis includes crosstabulations, and bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions. Approximately 12% of the sampled population ages 15-49 have had trouble conceiving in 12 months, and about 9% of the population indicates they are either definitely or probably not able have a/another baby. Reports of infertility are highest among women aged 40 and over, and secondary infertility appears to be more prevalent than primary infertility. Most individuals reporting infertility have no diagnosed cause for their infertility and almost three-quarters of the population who said they are definitely or probably not able to have a baby have done “nothing” to treat their infertility. Results indicate that individuals in the sample favor delayed and/or spaced childbearing, which may result in fertility challenges as they attempt to achieve their desired fertility later in life. The high prevalence of undiagnosed infertility may be the result of a lack of interest in having more children, or lack of information or access to infertility services. This research also revealed an absence of treatment-seeking behavior which may also be due to social, physical or financial barriers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Beaujouan, E. & Toulemon, L. (2021). European countries with delayed childbearing are not those with lower fertility. Genus, 77(2). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41118-020-00108-0

Beaujouan, E. (2020). Latest-late fertility? Decline and resurgence of late parenthood across the low-fertiltiy countries. Population and Development Review, 46(2), 219-247. https://doi.org/10.1111/padr.12334

Deshpande, P. S., & Gupta, A. S. (2019). Causes and prevalence of factors causing infertility in a public health facility. Journal of human reproductive sciences, 12(4), 287-293. https://doi.org/10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_140_18

Gagauz, O. et al. (2016). Population situation analysis in Moldova. INCE. http://dspace.ince.md/jspui/handle/123456789/1176

Grigoras, E. & Gagauz, O. (2022). Fertility transition from traditional to modern model in Moldova: exploration in base on the “Generation and Gender Survey. Economy and Sociology, 1, 100-114. https://doi.org/10.36004/nier.es.2022.1-09

Grigoras, E. (2019). Particularities of fertility transition in Moldova and selected former-Soviet countries. Demography and Social Economy, 1(35), 53-68. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.01.053

Inhorn, M. C., & Patrizio, P. (2015). Infertility around the globe: new thinking on gender, reproductive technologies and global movements in the 21st century. Human Reproduction Update, 21(4), 411-426. https://doi.org/10.1093/humupd/dmv016

Kuohung, W., & Hornstein, M. D. (2022, Jul 18). Overview of infertility. UpToDate, December. https://www.medilib.ir/uptodate/show/7396

Mascarenhas, M. N., Flaxman, S. R., Boerma, T., Vanderpoel, S., & Stevens, G. A. (2012, December 18). National, regional, and global trends in infertility prevalence since 1990: a systematic analysis of 277 health surveys. PLoS medicine. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001356

National Scientific and Applied Center for Preventive Medicine (NCPM) [Moldova] and ORC Macro. (2006). Moldova Demographic and Health Survey 2005. NCPM, ORC Macro. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/fr178/fr178.pdf

Sloggett, A., (2015). Measuring fertility. Population Analysis for Policy and Programmes. Paris: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. Available at http://papp.iussp.org/sessions/papp101_s04/PAPP101_s04_010_010.html.

Vander Borght, M. & Wyns, C. (2018). Fertility and infertility: Definition and epidemiology. Clinical biochemistry, 62, 2-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2018.03.012

Walker, M. H., & Tobler, K. J. (2022, May 26). Female infertility. StatPearls. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK556033/?report=classic

Downloads


Abstract views: 160

Published

2023-03-10

How to Cite

Rosenberg, R., Bietsch, K., & Sonneveldt, E. (2023). INFERTILTIY IN MOLDOVA: EVIDENCE FROM THE GENERATIONS AND GENDER SURVEY. Economy and Sociology, (2), 34–51. https://doi.org/10.36004/nier.es.2022.2-03